The Rex Neo chip: 10x to 25x increase in energy efficiency for same performance

According to Nicole Hemsoth

When Rex Computing CEO, Thomas Sohmers, was working with embedded computing systems for military applications at MIT at age 13, his thoughts turned to much larger scale systems. For exascale-class computing, he realized there were many lessons to be carried over from embedded computing that could potentially have an impact on the toughest challenges that lie ahead—balancing the performance demands with overall power efficiency and scalability of both the hardware and software.

The result of his research is an up and coming chip called Neo, which brings to bear a new architecture, instruction set, and core design that scraps a great deal of what Sohmers deems unnecessary about current cache architecture, snaps in a new interconnect, and if his assumptions are correct, can do this in a power envelope and performance target that goes beyond the current Department of Energy requirements for exascale computing goals, which they hope to realize in the 2020 to 2023 timeframe.

Sohmers says that the national labs are already expressing early interest in the 64-bit Neo cores, which are 1/145 the size of a fourth generation Haswell core and 1/27 the size of a 32-bit ARM Cortex A-15. He expects to deliver a 256 core chip by the end of 2016 at the earliest using a 28 nanometer process, which will offer 65 gigaflops per watt. Successive generations will use 10 nanometer or 7 nanometer processes as those roll out. “Current proposals for exascale in 2022 are for 20 megawatts, but it’s definitely possible to do better than that within five years,” he noted.

Tip o’ the hat to Greg Jaxon.