According to Niels Röling
Global society is structured to support unsustainable exponential growth rather than the adaptive, cyclic management of ecological processes.
Yes, unfortunately most economists would still agree that the best measure of the health of an economy is growth.
Let me leave aside the issue of how this growth is achieved. (Economists seem to be willfully blind to the injustices of “primitive capital accumulation”, or what geographer David Harvey calls “accumulation by dispossession”, fostering the politically convenient illusion that almost all growth can be chalked up to virtuous advances in technology, education, the rule of law, and so on.)
The fundamental problem is that growth simply cannot go on forever if it means consuming ever more of a finite world. Economics as it is may be a fine guide to the economic system as it is, but economists ought to have higher aspirations than that.
Is there really no alternate economic system that would incorporate markets, competition, free trade and all the other things economists love, but which does not depend on growth? Or at least not on the growth of material consumption?